Pocket Knife Patterns


Pocket Knife patterns are confusing, especially at first, and the only way to learn about them is to spend time handling knives and referring to reference guides. Timber scribers knives, physician knives, veterinary knives, corn knives, smokers knives and Boy Scout knives are just a few of the many examples of pocket knife patterns.

The following are many of the Jack Knife patterns: Lockback, Liner-Lock, Trapper, Folding Hunter, Physician, Melon Tester, Peanut, Swell-End, Canoes, Easy-Openers, Fishtail, Sunfish, Electrician, Pruning, Cotton Sampler, Budding, Grafting, Florist, Sailor’s Rope, Rigging, Barlow, Fish, Muskrat, Clasp, Moose, Silver Fruit, Gunstock, Toothpicks.

The following are many of the Multi-Blade Knife patterns: Stockman, Utility, Boy Scout, Girl Scout, Horseman, Sportsman, Champagne, Bottle Opener, Smoker, U.S. Military, Cattle, Plier and Wrench (Multi-Tool), Tool Kit, Swiss Army.

The following are a few of the Pen Knife patterns: Congress, Whittler, Office, Senator, Sleeveboard, Gunstock, Wharncliffe, Tobacco, Crown, Serpentine, Lobster, Quill, Watch Fob.

Then there are: Advertising, Figural, Character and Miniature Knives.  

The jackknife is reportedly named after Jacque de Liege.  He was a French knife maker who is said to have invented the first back-spring assembly.  The term is used today to describe many different types of knives.  It is most commonly used to describe any knife that has one or two blades that open on the same end.  It is also used to describe any knife that has two blades that open in opposite ends and measures more than roughly 3 1/2".  You will find that some folding knives do not have any special name and often go only by the generic name "Jack knife".  Note that premium jacks are slim, while regular jacks are wider in shape.

From E. C. Simmons Encyclopedia Catalog #G, 1908

L to R: Balloon, Easy Opener, Crown Jack, Equal End Jack, Fish Jack, & Gun Stock Jack

L to R: Congress, Swell Center Congress, Senator, Shadow,
Equal End Cattle, Vaquero, Premium Stock, Physician's, & Wharncliffe

As mentioned previously, a "jack knife" is the simplest form of folding knife. The standard jack knife has a blade or blades hinged only on one end; a double-end jack knife is heavier and there is at least one blade that opens on each end.  

1.  A "pen knife" is a small, light-weight, double-ended knife with two or three blades that are hinged at both ends. A "quill knife," a small pen knife for trimming writing quills, has blades like a tiny jack knife opening only at one end.   

2.  A "multi-blade pocket knife," commonly called a "Swiss Army knife," has existed for over 100 years and was once referred to as a "sportsman's knife." These knives can have from three to 100 or more blades.   

3.  Pocket knife styles are influenced by what they are designed to do and are referred to as pruning knives, electrician's and janitor's knives, melon testers, maize knives or cotton samplers, or budding and grafting knives for example.   

4.  A "whittler" is a very popular and common three-bladed pen knife with two backsprings. The large blade bears on both springs and the two small blades open on the opposite end, each bearing on a single spring.   

5.  Many multi-blade knives have implements that are not really blades at all, but are screwdrivers, bottle or can openers, pliers or wrenches, cork-screws or leather punches.  

L to R: Regular Jack, Serpentine Jack, Sway Back Jack, Swell Center Jack, Swell End Jack, & Pruning

L to R: Anglo Saxon, Barlow, Budding, Corkscrew, Regular Pen, Swell Center Pen, Serpentine Pen, & Lobster

Listed below are many of the common (and not so common) Pocket Knife Patterns:

Anglo Saxon
Barlow
Bartender
Big Nut (A 5 bladed Peanut)
Bow Tie (Aka Fish Tail)
Budding
Buffalo (Aka Bulldog, Clasp)
Bulldog (Aka Buffalo, Clasp)
Butter Bean
Campers (Aka Scout, Utility)
Canoe
Cattleman
Cheetah (Aka Swing Guard, Jaguar)
Cigar (Aka Eisenhower, Equal End, Senator)
Citrus/Melon Tester (Aka Fruit Knife, Sausage Tester)
Clasp (Aka Bulldog, Buffalo)
Clip Master
Coke Bottle (Aka Swell Center)
Congress (Aka Swayback)
Copperhead
Copperlock
Cotton Sampler
Crown
Dog Leg
Easy Opener
Eisenhower (Aka Cigar, Senator, Equal End)
Electrician
Equal End Pen (Cigar, Eisenhower, Senator)
Farmers
Fish
Fish Tail (Aka Bow Tie)
Florist
Folding Hunter
Grafting
Gunboat
Gunstock
Hammerhead
Hawkbill (Aka Pruner)
Harness Jack
Hobo
Hunter
Jack
Jumbo
Lady Leg (Aka Dancing Leg)
Leg
Lobster
Lockback
Lockhorn
Mako
Marlin Spike (Aka Rigger)
Moose
Muskrat
Navy (Aka Whaler)
Office
One Arm Man (Aka Barlow)
Orange Blossom
Peanut
Pen
Physicians/Doctors
Premium Jack (Aka Stockman)
Pruner (Aka Hawk Bill)
Quill
Razor
Rigging (Aka Rigger, Marlin Spike)
Rope
Russlock
Saddlehorn
Sailors
Scout (Aka Campers, Utility)
Senator (Aka Cigar, Eisenhower, Equal End Pen Knife)
Shad
Sharkstooth
Sidewinder
Sleeveboard
Sowbelly
Shoe
Smoker
Sodbuster
Spear Master
Split-backspring (Aka Whittler)
Stockman (Aka Premium Jack)
Swayback (Aka Congress)
Swell Center (Aka Coke Bottle)
Swell End
Swing Guard (Aka Cheetah, Jaguar)
Tabacco
Tadpole
Teardrop
Timber Scriber
Toenail/Sunfish/Elephant Toe
Toothpick (Aka Texas Toothpick, Tickler, Switch Knife)
Trapper
Tuxedo
Utility (Aka Campers, Scout)
Veterinary
Whaler (Aka Navy)
Whittler (Aka Split-backspring)
Wharncliffe

In the Jack Knife category, you will also find the Barehead Jack, Beaver Tail Jack, Crooked Jack, Farmer Jack, Premium Jack, Tear Drop Jack, and the Texas Jack.

© 2008 - S.W. Florida Knife Collectors Club


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